Old Mine Cut vs Old European Cut Diamonds

Get to know & Love your Antique Diamonds ! 




What is the difference between Old Mine Cuts

& Old European Cuts???




  • ·  Looks Square, Corners more Square 

  • ·  Heavy crown

  • ·  Very large Open culet

  • ·  Very deep bottom

  • ·  Very small table

  • ·  Heavy, clunky look, facets not uniform

Old mine cuts were a product of the technology of the time. The diamonds, cut without the advantage of motorized machinery, followed the rough diamond’s octahedral shape.

Until the late 1800s, this created mostly square or rectangular cushion-shaped diamonds. The shape of the old stones of that time was not uniform at all, even thought they have the same number of facets, 58, as the modern round brilliant


Old European Cuts


  • ·  Rounder Look
  • ·  Open culet, but smaller than the old miner
  • ·  Very small table ( usually less than 53%)
  • ·  More even factes on the pavilion
  • ·  Bottom halfs are short, only 50% of the distance from the girdle to the culet (modern is 85%)

In the 1900s, with the advent of motorized machinery, A more mathematically precise round variation of the old mine cut was created; the old European. It bridged the roundish old mine cut and the modern round of today. The main the difference between the cuts can be seen on the back facets. On the old European, they radiate out from a large culet pretty much evenly, like a pie would be, whereas the old miner has rays and then kite facets coming off the culet. The old European diamonds were very popular from the 1890s through the Art Deco period.

      Modern stones are cut for brilliance. Which means light comes in and light comes right back at you. Old stones tend to be a little deeper – light comes in and your eye is more drawn into the stone; they’re not as brilliant, but collectors of old diamond jewelry have grown to love this softer, simpler path of light. Old cuts are evaluated for their face-up display of a soft, glowing brilliance and discernable facet arrangement. They’re going to be deeper and a little chunkier than modern cuts, that’s a given, but too deep is undesirable. Depths deep in the high 70 percents or 80 percents lose their appeal as they appear too small for their weight.Old stones typically are not going to be as white. There’s a reason for that. Most of the white stones we get in the market today come from Southern Africa – Angola, Botswana, Sierra Leone – and those mines didn’t exist then. Stones were coming from Brazil and Venezuela. For the most part, these are darker stones. As a general rule, however, old stones in mountings face one or two color grades whiter than they actually are. Because of their open culet, color is not trapped in the stone.

To see Old Mine Cut Diamonds, Old European Cut Diamonds, and Modern Cut Diamonds visit Carreras Jewelers. We are your source for Diamond education and purchasing.


5 Responses to “Old Mine Cut vs Old European Cut Diamonds”

  1. ray maracjc on July 20th, 2013 11:33 pm

    what cost more mine cut or european cut diamonds

  2. Kristine Balena on December 11th, 2013 5:45 am

    I have my grandmothers engagement ring. She married in the 1930′s without a diamond,but got the ring in the late 30″s early 40″s. The diamond doesn’t have a point at the bottom,appears flat. I’m wondering if its an old mine diamond.

  3. DEEPAK ROOPCHAND on February 23rd, 2014 7:25 am

    I would like to have the price for a GIA Certified Old European Cut Diamond of 3.15 carats K Colour VS2

  4. jmarie on August 16th, 2014 11:38 pm

    What is.the newage name for an old European cut diamond?

  5. Sally on August 18th, 2014 1:55 pm

    Thank you for your comment JMarie, there is not a “newage name” for an Old European Cut Diamond.

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